Dermoid cyst ovary

Ovarian Dermoid Cyst: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Ovarian dermoid cyst

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Your body grows from the moment you are conceived. While growing, some parts may not catch up with the speed and thus fall behind. One such example is when your new skin forms in the fetal stage. There are multiple layers of skin. Some layers may grow slowly. These slow-growing skin layers get trapped in between the other layers and form small bags with empty spaces. A dermoid cyst ovary is a rare but typically benign tumor containing various tissue types, including hair, teeth, and skin.

Hair, teeth, or any liquid from your body gets trapped in these bags accidentally. The skin bags containing these materials can be named cysts. When you are growing inside your mother’s womb, you will have some special cells. They grow later into ovaries. Anything from your body can accidentally get trapped in the empty bags.

Dermoid cyst ovary

Even the ovary cells are no exception. Those empty skin bags with ovary cells inside are called ovarian dermoid cysts. All these things happen way before you are even born. The cysts grow as the years pass by. By the time you realize you have a cyst, you will already be a grown-up young lady in her teenage years.

Derma means something related to skin. Thus, an ovarian dermoid cyst does not have any connection to your period cycle. It is purely skin-related and not dangerous. However, it can cause pain and other symptoms like stomach pain, bleeding higher than usual, pain during sex, pressure in the pelvic area, and accidental urination.

Ovarian dermoid cyst is a very common condition. It can become a problem if they grow, get bigger, and burst. As the cyst grows bigger, it affects the normal position of the ovaries. Ovaries may get twisted, and it is called ovarian torsion. You may experience severe pain, and at this stage, you will have to seek the medical help of a practitioner.

Ovarian Dermoid Cyst Causes:

The most common causes of ovarian cysts depend on whether or not you still have monthly cycles. Dermoid cyst ovary causes are primarily attributed to embryonic cell abnormalities during fetal development, leading to the inclusion of various tissue types within the cyst, and external factors or lifestyle choices do not typically influence them.

The most frequent causes of ovarian cysts in “premenopausal” women who still have monthly periods are as follows:

The most typical causes of ovarian cysts in women who are no longer menstruating (“postmenopausal”) include:

Ovarian dermoid cyst symptoms:

Both symptomatic ovarian cysts and asymptomatic ovarian cysts are possible. When symptoms do manifest, the cyst’s side frequently feels painful or pressurized in the lower abdomen. This discomfort could be subtle or acute, ongoing or intermittent. Usually, ovarian cysts do not result in acute or ongoing lower back pain. A quick, sharp ache that might be very painful can occur if an ovarian cyst ruptures. Ovarian torsion (twisting) can result in pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Unless they are particularly large, most ovarian dermoid cysts don’t show any symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they will likely include stomach pressure, pain, or a feeling of fullness.

Less frequently, ovarian dermoid cyst symptoms include:

Ovarian cysts are typically unrelated to irregular periods or vaginal bleeding.

Ovarian dermoid cyst diagnosis:

During a pelvic examination, an ovarian cyst may occasionally be discovered or suspected. However, the diagnosis must be verified by an imaging test. According to the circumstances, tests for blood may also be conducted.

1.CA 125 is frequently advised if you have an ovarian cyst and are postmenopausal.

2.CA 125 may be advised if you are perimenopausal and have an ovarian cyst that on ultrasound, looks to be particularly big or suggestive of malignancy.

3.CA 125 is typically not advised if you are premenopausal, have small ovarian cysts, or don’t seem cancerous.

Other blood tests: Other blood tests might potentially be advised by your doctor.

Next actions: Your doctor may advise cautious waiting or surgery depending on your age, signs and symptoms, results of tests, and family history.

These are the various methods for ovarian dermoid cyst diagnosis.

Ovarian dermoid cyst treatment:

Any sort of ovarian dermoid cyst treatment can only be effectively done surgically. The type of dermoid cyst determines the method of surgery. 

Ovarian dermoid cysts must be surgically removed in order to be treated, occasionally along with the afflicted ovary. The various choices depend on the cyst’s severity and your desire to bear children.

The majority of doctors perform “keyhole surgery,” or laparoscopy, to remove ovarian dermoid cysts. This kind of surgery entails making a series of small, well-placed abdominal incisions. If your cyst is particularly large, if you have cysts on both ovaries or if the cyst may be cancerous, your doctor may advise a separate procedure called a laparotomy. A laparotomy entails making a larger incision in your abdomen.

Based on your particular circumstances, your doctor may counsel you on your ideal surgical options.

Dermoid ovarian cyst surgery warning:

Before Surgery:

The actual day of the procedure:

Following surgery:

What should be expected in the coming weeks regarding recovery?

Consequences of removing an ovarian cyst:

Due to a number of factors, including the severity of your ailment, you could experience mild to severe side effects following the surgery. However, one of the less typical adverse effects that you could experience after surgery is lower abdominal discomfort. In addition, you may experience shoulder soreness, slight vaginal bleeding for 48 hours, etc.

Additionally, you can experience some days of fatigue; however, with the right food and care, you can recover in just a few days. It is important to see a doctor if you still think that the issues are persisting.

Side effects of removing ovarian cysts:

Side effects of dermoid cyst removal can include surgical complications like infection, bleeding, and damage to surrounding structures such as the ovarian tissue. Patients should engage in a detailed discussion with their healthcare provider about the potential risks and benefits of surgery to address dermoid cysts, keeping in mind that fertility concerns may occasionally arise.

Risks of not treating the disease:

These cysts can result in serious pelvic infections, endometriosis, hormone issues, and challenges during pregnancy if they persist and are not discovered and treated in a timely manner. A very uncommon potential is ovarian torsion, which, if untreated, might result in the deterioration of the ovarian tissue. If ovarian cysts are left untreated, they may rupture, which is an uncommon and potentially fatal disorder. The patient could experience internal bleeding as a result of the ruptured cysts.

Today, physicians employ a number of methods for the early detection and management of ovarian cysts. If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, get in touch with physicians and speak with a team of top gynecologists right now!

How do you catch your cyst early?

A simple pelvic floor examination could be a start. It could be done by inserting your index finger into the vagina with a little lube. You have to press gently against the vaginal wall. If your pelvic floor strength is okay, then you will feel a squeeze around your index finger.


The vast majority of ovarian cysts cannot be avoided. However, routine checkups make it feasible to identify modifications to your ovaries as soon as possible. Keep in mind that your monthly cycle may have changed. Menstrual symptoms that are unusual, particularly those that last for more than a few cycles, should be noted. Your healthcare practitioner should be informed of any changes that worry you.


Dermoid cysts are mostly benign; however, depending on their shape and position, some may result in difficulties. Consult your doctor about the best course of treatment in case you or someone you love has a dermoid cyst. A dermoid cyst can frequently be surgically removed by your doctor. Cyst removal can lessen the likelihood of developing symptoms later.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Make an appointment

Applications are processed by the call center operators on weekdays from 8:00am to 8:00pm.

    A note to our visitors

    This website has updated its privacy policy in compliance with changes to European Union data protection law, for all members globally. We’ve also updated our Privacy Policy to give you more information about your rights and responsibilities with respect to your privacy and personal information. Please read this to review the updates about which cookies we use and what information we collect on our site. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our updated privacy policy.