hair loss: diagnosis and treatment

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Hair loss

“Lose hair but don’t lose hope”– inspired by a cancer patient. Hair loss is the most common thing that everyone faces at some point in their lives. It’s quite common to lose some hair every day, but it can be upsetting when you can’t grow that amount of hair
back, right? Have you ever thought about what might cause this problem and how to treat it? Let’s discuss it in the following sections. But before we delve into hair loss diagnosis and treatment, let’s discuss some basics first.

What is hair loss?

Alopecia, the medical term for hair loss, also referred to as baldness. Hair loss can occur everywhere on the body, but the scalp is the most usually affected. The severity may range from mild hair thinning to total baldness. It is the most common distressing complaint.

Generally, during this cycle, most people lose 50 to 100 hairs per day, but if this cycle is damaged, hair begins to fall out more quickly than regenerated, leading to hair receding, hair falling in patches, or thinning.

Causes of Hair loss:

Hair loss affects all kinds of age groups, and others may include:

Telogen effluvium:

Drug side effects:

Symptoms of medical illness:

Tinea Capitis:

Alopecia areata:

Traumatic alopecia:

Hereditary pattern baldness or androgenic alopecia:

Signs and Symptoms of hair loss:

Signs of hair loss:

You may have hair loss along with

Women likely to experience hair loss:

Hair loss diagnosis:

Diagnostic tests for hair loss include the following:

Hair loss diagnosis:

Physical exam:

Pull test and Tug test:

Card test:

Scalp biopsy:

Hair loss treatment:

Hair loss treatment is based on the root cause, and there are many treatment options available for hair loss.


The most common types of hair loss are treated with medications, either oral or topical, and it is considered the first line therapy for hair loss.

Other medications like OTC (Over-The-Counter) medicines such as topical gels, creams,foams or solutions can be applied directly to your scalp. Most of these products contain an ingredient known as minoxidil.

Your dermatologist may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications such as corticosteroids and this is only prescribed when your hair loss is related to an autoimmune disease/condition. Others may include finasteride, which is prescribed especially for male pattern baldness and also helps prevent further androgenetic hair loss.

Hair transplant surgery

During hair transplant surgery, bald areas of your scalp are covered with tiny plugs of skin, each containing a few hairs. 

This is effective for people who have hereditary baldness, which usually results in hair loss on top of the head. Some types of hair loss are gradual, so over time, you might require more than one surgery. 

But remember that this procedure is unlikely to benefit people with scarring alopecia.

How to prevent hair loss?

You can reduce hair loss by doing the following:

Be bOld!

Don’t lose hope because you are bald. There are many hair loss treatments available for you. Take necessary measures to prevent hair loss and get treated right away to avoid complete baldness. So be bold and get diagnosed right away to minimize the complications.

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