Basic Information About Ovarian Cancer

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


ovarian cancer

Ovarian Cancer is a disease in which the body’s aberrant cells grow out of control. Despite later spreading to other areas, ovarian cancer is typically named after the area of the body where it first develops. The majority of illnesses start in the ovaries or the fallopian tubes.

One ovary is positioned on either side of the uterus in the pelvis of women. The ovaries generate female hormones and eggs for sexual reproduction. On each side of the uterus, women have a pair of long, narrow tubes known as the fallopian tubes. The lining of the fallopian tubes is called the peritoneum, which protects the abdominal organs.

Ovarian Cancer Meaning:

It may not show until it is far along. However, early detection and treatment are possible by being aware of the symptoms, causes, and risk factors, considerably increasing the likelihood of effective outcomes.

Ovaries are the female reproductive organs that produce eggs (ova) and female sex hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the ovaries. When abnormal cells in the ovaries start to grow uncontrollably and form tumors, ovarian cancer can arise.

These tumors can be non-cancerous or malignant (cancerous), the next of which is more harmful since it can spread to other bodily parts. Ovarian cancer is frequently discovered at an advanced stage. As a result, treatment becomes more difficult.

Ovarian cancer can take many different forms, each of which develops from a different kind of cell within the ovaries. The cells that cover the outside of the ovaries give rise to the most prevalent type of ovarian cancer, known as epithelial ovarian cancer. Germ cell tumors, stromal tumors, and small cell carcinomas are some other less frequent varieties.

In order to increase the prognosis and survival rates for ovarian cancer, early detection, and immediate medical intervention are essential. Surgery to remove the malignant tissue is often followed by chemotherapy and, occasionally, radiation therapy as part of the treatment plan.

Age, family history, genetic mutations, and specific reproductive characteristics are among the risk factors for ovarian cancer, as was indicated in a prior response. Awareness and routine gynecological examinations

Ovarian Cancer Symptoms:

Even though the ovarian cancer symptoms are unclear and readily confused with those of other illnesses, it’s crucial to pay attention to the following Ovarian cancer symptoms:

1.bloating or swelling in the abdomen

2.Pelvic ache or discomfort

3.often urinating

4.Unexpected weight increase or loss



It is advised to see your doctor for additional assessment if you encounter these Ovarian cancer symptoms consistently for more than a few weeks.

Ovarian Cancer Causes:

Ovarian cancer causes are as follows

1.ovarian cancer in the family

2.Age (risk rises as one becomes older)

3.hormonal influences



6.replacement therapy for hormones

7.Personal experience with colorectal, uterine, or breast cancer

Ovarian Cancer Treatment:

The stages of the illness, general health, and individual preferences are only a few of the variables that affect ovarian cancer treatment options. Ovarian Cancer treatment strategies include:

Surgery: If necessary, the uterus, fallopian tubes, and surrounding tissues are removed.

Chemotherapy: Medicines are injected continuously or directly into the abdomen to kill cancer cells. Medicines are used in targeted therapy to specifically target genes or proteins that contribute to the development of cancer cells.

It’s crucial to explore your alternatives with your healthcare team because the treatment strategy will be customized for each patient’s particular circumstances

Ovarian Cancer Risk factors:

Following are some typical ovarian cancer risk factors:

Age: Older women are more likely to get ovarian cancer. The risk rises with age, with women over 50 accounting for the majority of cases.

Family history: Women who have first-degree relatives (mother, sister, or daughter) who have had ovarian, breast or other malignancies are at higher risk. Ovarian cancer risk factors can be dramatically increased by inherited gene mutations like BRCA1 and BRCA2.

Personal History: Women who have had colorectal, endometrial, or breast cancer may be at higher risk of developing ovarian cancer. Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC), Lynch syndrome, and mutations in the genes RAD51D and BRIP1 are examples of inherited gene mutations in addition to BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations

connected to a higher risk of ovarian cancer.

Reproductive variables: Some reproductive variables may have an impact on ovarian cancer risk factors. These include never being pregnant, getting pregnant for the first time after turning 35, and not having kids. Long-term usage of estrogen-only hormone replacement treatment (HRT) without progesterone has been linked to higher ovarian cancer risk factors.

However, after stopping HRT, the risk seems to be reduced.

Obesity: According to certain research, ovarian cancer risk may be increased by being overweight or obese.

Talcum Powder: The usage of talcum powder in the vaginal area and its probable connection to ovarian cancer have generated some debate. Despite conflicting research findings, several studies point to a potential link, particularly with frequent and ongoing use.

Endometriosis: Women who have endometriosis, a disorder in which uterine lining-like tissue develops outside the uterus, may be at slightly higher risk for developing ovarian cancer.

Smoking: One of the subtypes of ovarian cancer, mucinous ovarian cancer, has been associated with a slightly higher risk of smoking.

Ethnicity: The ovarian cancer risk may be higher or lower in certain ethnic groups. Which increases the ovarian cancer risk factors.


Ovarian cancer is a complicated condition that requires early identification and the right kind of care. People can actively work towards prevention and early detection by becoming aware of the signs, causes, treatments, and risk factors related to ovarian cancer. Always seek personalized advice and care from your doctor if you suffer from persistent symptoms or have concerns.

Keep yourself informed and take control of the battle against ovarian cancer.

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