Ruptured ovarian cyst

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Most women of reproductive age, around 8% of women before menopause, acquire tiny cysts and big cysts that cause difficulties with menstruation. After menopause, around 16% of women have ovarian cysts, which are more likely to be cancer. Asymptomatic premenarchal females are more likely to have benign ovarian cysts, which are seen in roughly 68% of ovaries in girls 2-12 years old and 84% of ovaries in girls 0-2 years old. The majority are less than 9 mm in diameter, with 10-20% being bigger macrocysts. While smaller cysts usually go away within six months, bigger cysts tend to be more persistent. Further, the cyst may rupture, causing different complications which require proper treatment. Ovarian cyst rupture is a sudden, often sharp abdominal pain caused when a fluid-filled sac on the ovary bursts, sometimes requiring medical attention.

Ovarian cyst rupture

Let’s see the frequently asked question :

What exactly is an ovarian cyst rupture? What are the contributing factors for ovarian cyst development and rupture? What are the signs and symptoms of ovarian cyst rupture? How can we identify the rupture of an ovarian cyst? What is the management of the ovarian cyst rupture?

Let’s learn about…

What exactly is an ovarian cyst rupture?

What are the contributing factors for ovarian cyst development and rupture?

Several variables can impact the formation and rupture of ovarian cysts. It is crucial to highlight that the majority of ovarian cysts are benign (non-cancerous) and may not always have a particular etiology. Several circumstances and settings, however, can contribute to their growth and the possibility of rupture:

What are the signs and symptoms of a ruptured ovarian cyst ?

Ovarian cyst rupture can result in a variety of indications and symptoms, the severity of which varies. It’s important to note that not everyone who has an ovarian cyst rupture will have all of these symptoms, and some people may just feel minimal pain. The following are common indications and symptoms of an ovarian cyst rupture:

How can we identify the rupture of an ovarian cyst?

Detecting an ovarian cyst rupture often entails a mix of medical examination, a review of your symptoms, and diagnostic imaging. The following are the
normal stages involved in recognizing an ovarian cyst rupture:

1. Ultrasound: A  pelvic ultrasound is a type of imaging examination that is commonly used to visualize the ovaries and surrounding tissues. It can aid in the detection of cysts, their size, and any indicators of rupture, such as fluid or blood in the pelvis.

2. CT Scan: When ultrasound results are unclear or to rule out problems like internal hemorrhage, a computed tomography (CT) scan may be

What is Ruptured ovarian cyst treatment?

The method of therapy for ovarian cyst rupture is determined by several criteria, including the severity of symptoms, the occurrence of complications, and the kind of cyst implicated. The following are the therapeutic options for an ovarian cyst rupture:

Summary :

Ovarian cyst rupture is a common occurrence in women of reproductive age, where a fluid-filled sac bursts or tears open. Causes include enlargement, physical trauma, and hormonal changes. Symptoms include sudden pelvic orabdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bleeding, pelvic pressure, vaginal bleeding, pain during sexual intercourse, and fever. Complications can include infection or internal bleeding. Diagnosis is done based on symptoms, physical examination, and imaging tests. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms and potential complications. Mild cases may require pain management, while more severe cases may require hospitalization and surgical intervention. Seeking medical attention is crucial to prevent complications and ensure accurate diagnosis and management.

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