Ovarian Cyst: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Management

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


ovarian cyst

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that occurs on or inside the ovary. It is a functional cyst that occurs throughout your monthly menstrual cycle. Cysts produced by cancer or other disorders are not the same as functional cysts. The creation of these cysts is completely normal and indicates that the ovaries are functioning properly. 

Let’s see the frequently asked questions: What exactly is an ovarian cyst? What are the causes of ovarian cysts? What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts? What are the types of ovarian cysts? Ovarian cysts may cause difficulties, such as: How is an ovarian cyst identified? Treatment for ovarian cysts?

What exactly is an ovarian cyst?

An ovarian cyst is a sac that grows on or within one or both of your ovaries and is filled with fluid or semisolid substances. 

What are the causes of ovarian cysts?

The most common causes of ovarian cysts are:

Symptoms of ovarian cysts are:

Ovarian cyst symptoms may include:

What are the types of ovarian cysts?

There are two types of ovarian cysts.

Functional cysts:

Cyst of the follicle.

Cysts of the corpus luteum

 Pathological cysts:

Ovarian cysts may cause difficulties, such as

Complications caused by ovarian cysts are:

How is an ovarian cyst identified?

A cyst on your ovary can be discovered during a pelvic exam or through imaging tests such as a pelvic ultrasound. Depending on the size of the cyst and whether it is filled with fluid or solid material, your doctor will most likely propose tests to establish its nature and whether you require treatment.

Diagnosis tests are:

    1. Pregnancy test. A positive test may indicate the presence of a corpus luteum cyst.
    2. Ultrasound of the cervix. A wand-like instrument (transducer) transmits and receives high-frequency sound waves to generate an image of your uterus and ovaries on a video screen (ultrasound). The imaging is used to confirm the presence of a cyst, locate it, and establish whether it is solid or fluid-filled.
    3. Laparoscopy. Through a small cut (incision), a thin, illuminated tool (laparoscope) is placed into your belly. Your physician can see your ovaries and any cysts with the laparoscope. If a cyst is discovered, it is normally treated during the same process. This is a surgical technique that necessitates the use of anesthesia
    4.  Tests for tumor markers. In ovarian cancer, blood levels of a protein known as a cancer antigen are frequently high. If your cyst is solid and you have a high risk of ovarian cancer, your doctor may request a cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) test or additional blood tests. Noncancerous diseases such as endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease can also cause an increase in CA125 levels.

What is the treatment for ovarian cysts?

    1. Medicine. Birth control tablets and other hormonal contraceptives prevent you from ovulating. This may prevent the formation of new ovarian cysts. Birth control drugs, on the other hand, will not diminish an existing cyst.
    2. Surgery. Your doctor may advise you to have a cyst removed if it is big, does not appear to be a functioning cyst, is expanding, or causes discomfort. Some cysts can be removed (cystectomy) without removing the ovary. In certain circumstances, the cystic ovary is removed (oophorectomy).

Surgery can be performed in two ways:

Can we prevent ovarian cysts?


Ovarian cysts are frequent, have no symptoms, and disappear on their own. However, certain cysts can become big, burst, or distort the ovaries, causing discomfort and perhaps bleeding. Some develop cancer over time. Anyone experiencing significant stomach discomfort and bleeding should seek immediate medical attention since this might suggest an ovarian cyst that requires treatment.

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