Symptoms of E. coli in urine

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 

What is E.coli?

E.coli stands for Escherichia coli. It is a type of bacteria that healthy humans and animals have in their intestines. It is also found in the environment and foods. E. coli are generally a large group of bacteria. Most the E.coli strains are not harmful, and they are safe, but there are a few types that can cause diarrhea, and stomach pain/cramps, whereas others can cause severe intestinal problems, UTIs, kidney failure, and respiratory diseases if not treated properly. Most of the people with E. coli infection can recover within a week without taking medications.  

symptoms of e coli in urine

 The most common Content editor: Richa symptoms of E.coli in urine are the urge to pee, a burning sensation while urinating, and cloudy urine is observed. You can get sick from some types of E. coli when they produce the Shiga toxin. Your intestine’s lining is harmed by this toxin. The E.coli strains that produce the toxin are commonly referred to as STEC, which stands for “ Shiga toxin-producing E.coli.”

O157:H7, a particularly harmful strain, can leave you seriously ill. It results in bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps. It leads to acute kidney failure in children. Additionally, it may result in some life-threatening symptoms like:

Why do you get E. coli in your urine?

Why do you get E. coli in your urine? There are many reasons for the presence of E. coli in urine. One of the most common reasons is the intake of contaminated foods & undercooked foods like unpasteurized milk, undercooked hamburgers, cheese made from raw milk, etc. Other reasons include:

Is E. coli contagious?

Not all types of E. coli are contagious, but certain types of E. coli can be contagious depending on the strain and the type of infection. One of the most common ways for E. coli to spread from one person to another is through the oral/fecal route. People with gastrointestinal E. coli infection are contagious if the bacteria is discovered in the stool. But this infection spreads through transferring traces of their feces onto one another. This infection is often spread through:

Other E. coli strains that cause UTIs are not contagious. Physical contact (like shaking hands, kissing, etc.) is not typically spread by E. coli from person to person.

What are the first signs of E.coli?

The first signs of E.coli may include:

These are the first signs of E.coli. These are the most common symptoms that you can experience in the initial stages of the infection. However, you must consult a doctor if these symptoms appear, and if it’s confirmed that there is E.coli in urine culture, you should get treated immediately.

What are the symptoms of E. coli in urine?

According to the journal Nature Reviews Biology, 75% of UTIs are caused by E. coli. The following are the most common E. coli infection symptoms:

How quickly do symptoms of E. coli in urine appear?

The symptoms of E.coli infections usually appear within 3 to 8 days after being exposed to the bacteria, and most of them are harmless. The majority of people show the symptoms evidently, while few of them are asymptomatic.

How long do the E. coli infection symptoms stay?

Most of the time, the symptoms of E.coli in urine can improve within 36 hours as the antibiotics cure the infection rapidly. But, if you have any kidney disease, it takes around 14 days to cure the infection.

10 natural ways to lessen the symptoms of E. coli in urine:

Safety precautions to prevent E. coli infections in urine:

How will I know if my E. coli infections have healed?

E. coli infections in urine are treatable. Most of the symptoms can be improved within 5 to 10 days. Infections that can be treated only with antibiotics may take about 5 to 21 days to cure. Few infections which may require surgical drainage or debridement may take more time to be cured.

When should I contact a doctor?

If you experience any symptoms like urgency to pee, pain in the abdomen, if your urine is different in color i.e., cloudy appearance, reddish or cola-colored, any burning feeling during urination, you should consult your doctor, and he will confirm the presence of E. coli by performing urine analysis test and urine culture test, and if it’s confirmed that there is E. coli in urine culture, your doctor will immediately start the
treatment.

Other symptoms which are caused by E.coli in urine are bloody diarrhoea, dehydration, high fever, etc. should be evaluated immediately since they are caused by various infections. Do not delay your appointment as it may severely affect your symptoms and increase the infection more rapidly.

As long as you consult a doctor immediately, your E. coli infection symptoms will be improved as quickly as possible.

Frequently Asked Questions

Most commonly occurs in women and it affects the bladder & urethra.

E. coli is responsible for 90% of the UTIs. It is the most common bacteria
found in the urinary tract.

Most of them recover from the infection within 5 to 10 days. It may take 2
weeks to recover if it’s a kidney disease.

Antibiotics are the best treatment for UTIs. Antibiotics can kill the bacteria
which are responsible for the infections and can prevent further infections.

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