Treatment of endometriosis

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


treatment of endometriosis

Endometriosis is a rare condition affecting 10.8 million people globally, with a higher incidence in women aged thirties and forties, but it can begin in girls as young as eight. The disease affects over 190 million women in their reproductive years, affecting them from menarche to postmenopause. Diagnosis requires laparoscopic surgery, pelvic pain, infertility, surgical assessment, and magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment of endometriosis includes hormonal medication and surgery such as laparoscopy, etc.

Let’s see the frequently asked questions: What precisely is endometriosis?

 What factors contribute to endometriosis? What are endometriosis signs and symptoms? How do we identify endometriosis? What are the treatment options for endometriosis? 

What precisely is endometriosis?

Understanding the underlying causes can aid in the prevention of such occurrences. Among the most common causes are 

What factors contribute to endometriosis?


Endometriosis is a complicated condition that affects millions of women worldwide, from the start of their first period (menarche) through menopause, regardless of ethnicity or social class. Its development is assumed to be influenced by a variety of circumstances. Endometriosis is now considered to be caused by:

Risk factors

Several factors increase your chances of having endometriosis, including:

What are endometriosis signs and symptoms?

Endometriosis is marked by the following signs and symptoms:

How do we identify endometriosis?

Your doctor will ask you to describe your symptoms, including the location of your discomfort and when it occurs, in order to identify endometriosis and other disorders that can cause pelvic pain.

Endometriosis tests include:

Stages of endometriosis

The different stages are summarised as follows:

1. Stage I (Minor)
2. Stage II (Mild)
3. Stage III (Moderate)
4. Stage IV( Severe)

What are the treatment options for endometriosis?

Endometriotic cysts treatment are treated with either medication or surgery. The path you and your doctor choose will be influenced by the severity of your symptoms and your desire to become pregnant.

Conservative treatment :

1. Pain management:

2. Hormonal therapy:

Surgical treatment

Treatment for Endometrial thickness involves surgery and is done by different approaches.

1. Laparoscopic endometriosis surgery

2. Laparoscopic endometriosis surgery

3. Hysterectomy endometriosis surgery

Surgical treatment


The use of combination oral contraceptives, as well as regular exercise and the avoidance of alcohol and caffeine, appears to be connected with a lower incidence of endometriosis.


Endometriosis is a condition where cells from the endometrium develop outside the uterus, causing symptoms such as pelvic discomfort, heavy periods, and infertility. The cause is unclear, but a family history is a risk factor. Symptoms can be combined with medical imaging, but biopsy is the most reliable method. Other causes include pelvic inflammatory illness, irritable bowel syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and fibromyalgia. Endometriosis is often misdiagnosed, but treatment options include a combination of oral contraceptives, exercise, and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption. Despite having no cure, various therapies, such as NSAIDs, birth control pills, and GnRH agonists, can alleviate symptoms and help infertile women become pregnant. 

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