Types of Fibroids

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


A uterine fibroid or leiomyoma is also called a fibroid; its growth appears in the uterus and is non-cancerous. There are several types of fibroids, including intramural, subserosal, submucosal, and pedunculated, each with distinct locations within the uterine wall. It’s quite common for women to have fibroids; many don’t even know it.

types of fibroids

The size of a fibroid is tiny to large; it can change from nearly invisible to large masses that can even change the size of the uterus’s size and shape. The fibroid is made of connective tissue, and the fibroids can be from a single growth to many growths inside the uterus.

The actual cause of fibroid is unknown, and various factors like hormone imbalance and genetics play avital role in its development. They can usually be seen when the estrogen hormone is high, and the woman is fertile; let now discuss the types of fibroid.

Various fibroids

The different types of fibroids are

Fibroid Necrotic

Fibroids that have undergone tissue death or necrosis are called fibroid necrotic. The symptoms can be degenerative alterations or insufficient blood flow. It is cured either surgically or medically. The size, location, symptoms, and patient’s goal for future fertility all play a role in determining the best course of treatment for fibroids. The range of treatment options includes minimally invasive techniques like uterine artery embolization, magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound, and laparoscopic or robotic-assisted surgeries, as well as more invasive interventions like surgery.

The origin of fibroid

However, a number of elements have been discovered that could support their growth. These consist of:However, a number of elements have been discovered that could support their growth. These consist of:

Abnormalities in the extracellular matrix (ECM)

The extracellular matrix, an intricate web of proteins and other chemicals, gives tissues their structural support. Excess ECM components, primarily collagen, and other proteins, are what define fibroids. Fibroid formation may be influenced by changes to the ECM’s structure and content in uterine tissue. Other risk factors for fibroids development include obesity, race (women of African ancestry are more likely to have them), and age (they typically appear during the reproductive years and decline after menopause). In addition, although the evidence for these correlations is weak, certain lifestyle variables like food, stress, and exposure to environmental pollutants may affect the development of fibroids.
It is crucial to remember that while these factors may aid in the growth of fibroids, they do not ensure their presence. While some women without obvious risk factors may still create fibroids, many women with risk factors never acquire them. It’s believed that a complex interaction of genetic, hormonal, and environmental variables plays a role in the formation of fibroids.

Symptoms of fibroid

The symptoms of fibroids can vary widely among individuals, and some women with fibroids may not experience any noticeable symptoms. However, when symptoms do occur, they can range from mild to severe. Common symptoms of fibroids include: 

1. Menstrual Changes:

2. Pelvic Pain and Pressure

3. Urinary Symptoms

4. Bowel Symptoms

5. Reproductive Symptoms

6. Abdominal Enlargement

Treatment option for fibroid

The treatment options for fibroids can vary depending on the size, location, and symptoms associated with the fibroids and the patient’s desire for future fertility. Here are some standard treatment options:

1. Abdominal Enlargement

2. Medications

Minimally Invasive Procedures

Several minimally invasive procedures are available that aim to treat fibroids while preserving the uterus.
These include:

Surgical Interventions

Surgical interventions may be recommended in cases where fibroids are large, causing severe symptoms or impacting fertility. These include:


Uterine fibroids have different types and symptoms depending on their size, location, and characteristics. It is essential for women experiencing symptoms associated with fibroids to consult with their healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and guidance on appropriate treatment options.

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