Ovarian cyst

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Ovarian cysts treatment

How does it feel if you are 9 months pregnant when you are actually not? Confused right?! Okay, stick with me here. Ovarian cysts are some common growths that develop inside or on your ovaries. So if you develop this cyst, your tummy feels bloated and swollen, and that’s why you look like a pregnant woman.

If you want to eliminate an ovarian cyst, this blog is worth your attention! Before we delve into ovarian cysts treatment, let’s get to know some basics first! Ovarian cyst treatment antibiotics typically do not involve antibiotics unless an infection is present; in such cases, antibiotics may be prescribed alongside other medical interventions.

Ovarian cyst– A concern?

As I mentioned before, an Ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops inside or on your ovaries. These usually form during your ovulation. Ovulation occurs each month when the ovary releases an egg. This happens during your menstrual cycle. So, coming back to the point, most ovarian cysts are harmless, causing no symptoms, but few of them cause some serious symptoms when they burst open or twist.

Most kinds of cysts go away without any treatment, but some of them require medical attention and can cause serious complications if you don’t get treated right away.

Types of Ovarian cysts:

Most of them are functional cysts that form in response to your menstrual cycle. These are the most common types of ovarian cysts and are not related to any disease. These cysts indicate that your menstrual cycle is functioning as usual. Functional cysts disappear or shrink gradually without any treatment. Functional cysts are also known as simple cysts.

Other types of ovarian cysts exist that are not related to your menstrual cycle. But you should be cautious and make sure that they don’t cause any further complications. They include:

How common are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are extremely common, and they occur as long as you have regular periods. They are less common in postmenopausal women, but they are at higher risk of developing ovarian cancer. Don’t worry; less than 1% of ovarian cysts are cancerous, and with early diagnosis and the right treatment, you may be able to make it.

What exactly causes an ovarian cyst?

We all know that ovulation is the main culprit, and it is the leading cause of ovarian cysts. Other causes may include:

Signs and Symptoms of an ovarian cyst:

Most ovarian cysts cause no symptoms since they are small. But if a cyst causes symptoms, they may include:

Complications associated with ovarian cysts:

Not all ovarian cysts are harmless; some of them cause serious complications. They may include:

How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?

If you experience any symptoms of ovarian cysts, consult a doctor, and a pelvic examination will be carried out to check the swelling of the cyst on your ovary.

Ovarian cysts treatment:

Simple ovarian cysts treatment depends upon your age, type, and size of the cyst. Your healthcare provider may suggest:

1. Watchful waiting (wait-and-see approach):

2. Ovarian cyst treatment antibiotics:

Simple/functional ovarian cysts do not require antibiotics as they go away without any treatment, but they are preferred in case of inflamed/infected cysts. In case of a ruptured ovarian cyst, antibiotics can prevent or fight an infection caused by the bacteria.

3. Surgery:

4. Oophorectomy:

5. Laparoscopy:

6. Laparotomy:

Hemorrhagic ovarian cyst treatment:

Hemorrhagic ovarian cyst treatment is the same as the simple ovarian cyst treatment. Hemorrhagic ovarian cysts can also go away without any specific treatment and don’t cause any symptoms. If your doctor finds one during the pelvic examination, then he might closely monitor your cyst. But they are common, harmless, and go away within a few months.

The treatment depends on your symptoms, and if the cyst is larger than 10cm, causes pain, bleeds a lot, or causes complications, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the cyst. In some cases, the entire ovary is removed to take the cysts out.

When should I contact a doctor?

Contact your doctor if you experience:


Ovarian cysts are common, harmless, and get resolved on their own. Most of the cysts go away within a few months without any specific treatment. However, premenopausal women and people with PCOS can have recurring ovarian cysts. If left untreated, it can lead to a decrease in fertility. So, get regular pelvic exams, and if you get treated right away, you can avoid further complications.

If your doctor finds a cyst that is concerning during your pelvic exam, he will suggest some treatment options for you to consider. So, as long as you get an early diagnosis and get ovarian cyst treatment right away, there’s nothing to worry about.

Frequently Asked Questions

Ovarian cysts are quite common during pregnancy. They are harmless but ovarian cysts that continue to grow in later stages of pregnancy can rupture or cause problems during childbirth. Your doctor will closely monitor the ovarian cyst during your pregnancy.
You cannot prevent ovarian cysts during ovulation. Your doctor may prescribe some birth control pills if you get ovarian cysts often to stop your ovulation. This will reduce your chances of developing new cysts.

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