Preeclampsia During Pregnancy

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Preeclampsia During Pregnancy


On your pregnancy! Are you feeling nauseous? Experiencing headaches? Pain in the abdomen area? Do not mistake these with ‘common during pregnancy’ problems. It could be preeclampsia. One of the many pregnancy-associated diseases that affect almost 15% of Indian women during pregnancy. Overlooking these healthcare problems during pregnancy can not only be painful for you, but it can also put your baby’s life at risk. Don’t worry; we have covered your and your child’s healthcare needs. This blog thoroughly discusses all you need to know about preeclampsia during pregnancy, right from its causes and symptoms to its diagnosis and treatment options. Let’s jump straight into it.

What is preeclampsia?

Preeclampsia during pregnancy is a condition characterized by seizures and coma. If left untreated, preeclampsia can pose life-threatening risks to both the mother and baby during pregnancy. This condition is marked by a sudden increase in blood pressure and a higher level of protein in the urine. These changes in the body have a significant impact on the health of both the mother and the fetus. Before delving into further details, it’s important to highlight some key facts about preeclampsia:

What causes preeclampsia during pregnancy?

You might be curious about why this condition specifically occurs during pregnancy and how it relates to blood pressure. The explanation lies within the vital organ that connects you to your baby: the placenta. Made up of connective tissues, the placenta forms during pregnancy and facilitates the exchange of nutrients and blood between you and your child. Normally, blood vessels around the placenta mature to supply it with the necessary blood and oxygen. However, in preeclampsia, this maturation process is disrupted, leading to impaired circulation and blood exchange between the placenta and the mother’s circulatory system, resulting in elevated blood pressure.

Furthermore, the symptoms of preeclampsia typically manifest around the 20th week of pregnancy due to the time required for proper blood vessel maturation. The specific causes of this improper development are still being researched and yet to be fully determined.

In addition to the aforementioned root cause of preeclampsia, there are other risk factors and conditions that can contribute to its development.

These risk factors are…

The mentioned risk factors are all related to the disruption of placental maturation and have a direct impact on health. However, there is an often overlooked risk factor associated with a woman’s socio-economic background. It is important to recognize that maintaining a healthy lifestyle plays a crucial role in preventing the development of such conditions, as their root cause is often linked to poor health management. 

This is why preeclampsia is more prevalent among women with lower incomes, as they may neglect their health due to financial constraints, making them more susceptible to diseases like preeclampsia.

What are the signs of preeclampsia during pregnancy?

As previously mentioned, the most subtle indication of preeclampsia is an elevation in blood pressure and an increased protein concentration in urine. However, these signs are internal and cannot be directly perceived. There are other internal and external signs that suggest the presence of preeclampsia, which are typically assessed during prenatal visits. These signs include:

Caution: Do not mistake typical pregnancy symptoms for signs of preeclampsia!

It is easy to confuse the symptoms of preeclampsia with common pregnancy symptoms. For instance, weight gain is a normal occurrence during pregnancy, but in the case of preeclampsia, it may be sudden and significant. It is often challenging to differentiate between normal conditions and preeclampsia symptoms, which is why seeking medical evaluation is crucial. Overlooking potential symptoms during pregnancy can jeopardize both your well-being and your baby’s health.

Another situation where preeclampsia can go unnoticed is when mothers have pre-existing high blood pressure. Some mothers mistakenly assume that their blood pressure condition won’t affect the baby. However, specific circumstances can lead to the development of preeclampsia. For example:

We have explored the causes and identification of preeclampsia, but let’s now understand the potential consequences if left untreated. These consequences manifest as various complications during pregnancy.

What are the potential complications of preeclampsia, especially during labor?

No mother wishes for their baby to experience such health problems, especially right after birth. So, what can you do in this situation?

Treatment options?

While there is no known cure for preeclampsia, effective treatment options are available. Medications prescribed by your healthcare provider can help manage the symptoms and mitigate the impact on your blood pressure, ultimately reducing the risks of preterm birth for your baby. It is essential to consult with a specialist to explore suitable treatment options tailored to your specific needs.

At Her Care Group, we have a team of pregnancy specialists who can provide expert consultations and accurate diagnoses for preeclampsia. Our comprehensive pregnancy program covers prenatal checks, ensuring a healthy and safe pregnancy journey for both you and your baby.


Ensuring your health during pregnancy is of utmost importance for the well-being of both you and your baby. Preeclampsia, a potentially dangerous condition, can have significant consequences if left untreated. Don’t compromise your health or the health of your child. Prioritize your pregnancy by seeking professional healthcare and partnering with dedicated providers. Remember, a healthy and safe pregnancy is the most precious gift you can give yourself and your little one.

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