Symptoms of fibroids

Medically Reviewed by Dr Sravya, MBBS, MS 


Fibroids are muscle tumors that form in the uterine (womb) wall. Fibroids are often non-cancerous. By the age of 50, around 20% to 80% of women will have fibroids. Fibroids are more frequent in women aged 40 to 50. Symptoms of fibroids are not found in most of the women. Women who do experience symptoms typically find it difficult to live with fibroids. Some women experience discomfort and excessive menstrual flow. The treatment  for uterine fibroids is determined by your symptoms. It is unknown why they occur. However, they appear to develop when estrogen levels are greater. Frequently asked the question: What are fibroids, exactly? What are the signs and symptoms of fibroids? What are the causes of fibroids? How are fibroids diagnosed and treated?

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Let’s ascertain about…..

What exactly are fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are tumors that form within or on the uterine walls. Their structure is made up of smooth muscle cells and connective tissue.
Fibroids are sometimes called leiomyoma or “myoma”; in medical terminology.

Types of fibroids

What causes fibroids?

It is yet unknown what produces fibroids. Their development might be connected to the individual’s estrogen levels.

A woman’s chance of having fibroids might be increased by many circumstances.(risk factor)

What are the symptoms of fibroids?

The majority of fibroids do not cause symptoms and do not require treatment other than regular monitoring by your doctor. These are often little fibroids. An asymptomatic

fibroid does not create symptoms. Larger fibroids can produce a variety of symptoms,

Uterine fibroids symptoms

1. Menstrual bleeding that is heavy and protracted between or throughout periods
2. Anaemia (severe anemia induced by excessive bleeding)
3. Pelvic or lower back discomfort
4. Passing blood clots on a regular or massive scale
5. Fatigue Dizziness

1. Menstrual bleeding is a typical sign of uterine fibroids, however, it is less prevalent with subserosal fibroids.
2. A heaviness or fullness in the lower abdomen/pelvis
3. Urge to urinate often
4. Constipation
5. Bloating
6. Lower abdominal enlargement due to discomfort or cramping5
7. Pain when having sex
8. Leg and lower back discomfort
9. Inability to urinate/empty the bladder entirely

Fibroids in breast symptoms:

How to diagnose and treat fibroids?

1. Diagnosis:

:Uterine fibroids are commonly discovered by chance during a routine pelvic exam. Your doctor may see anomalies in the shape of your uterus, which might indicate the existence of fibroids.
If you experience symptoms of uterine fibroids, your doctor may order the following tests:

2. Treatment and Management:

Your treatment strategy will be determined by some criteria, including:

1. The number of fibroids you have.
2. The dimensions of your fibroids.
3. The location of your fibroids.
4. What symptoms are you having as a result of the fibroids?
5. Your wish to become pregnant.
6. Your wish to keep your uterus


Fibroid removal surgery

What is the complication of fibroids?

Complications from fibroids are uncommon. However, they do arise on occasion.


Uterine fibroids are growths of smooth muscle cells and connective tissue in the uterine walls that afflict 20% to 80% of women by the age of 50. They might manifest as a single tumor or as a cluster and can put pressure on the bladder or rectum, resulting in frequent urination or rectal pressure. Large fibroids can induce abdominal swelling, mimicking pregnancy. In certain cases, fibroids are so little that they do not cause any symptoms. Fibroids can also cause unpleasant symptoms at times. Contact your healthcare provider if you are experiencing any
discomfort or pain.

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